In the 1990s, Minnesota’s progressive organizations ran up against an obstacle they didn’t know how to overcome. The state’s unions, community-based organizations, and social justice advocates were successful at passing a hate crimes bill, expanding workplace rights for LGBT people, and putting the state on a path to renewable energy. They were skilled at creating powerful organizational coalitions and mobilizing grassroots members to take action for what they believed in. But over time, it became harder and harder to win policy changes, even when they had broad popular support. Something had changed, and social movements needed to evolve in response.